Tabla de contenido
If you’re immersed in the Linux world or just considering taking the plunge, you’ve probably wondered: what issues might I encounter and how do I solve them? Well, don’t fret, because here I bring you some of the most common hiccups you might come across and, of course, how to navigate them.
System won’t boot after an update
Imagine: you just did an update and suddenly, bam! Your system won’t boot. It’s a pain, but there’s a solution. Chances are, something with the kernel or the drivers isn’t playing nicely.
Solution: One option is to boot using an older kernel. When the GRUB menu (boot manager) appears, select an older version of the kernel. If everything runs smoothly, you might want to stick with that kernel until issues with the new one are resolved.
Wi-Fi connection doesn’t work
Sometimes, Linux can be a bit finicky with Wi-Fi drivers. If your connection isn’t working, you might need to install or update the appropriate driver.
Solution: Connect your computer to the Internet using an Ethernet cable and look for the right drivers for your Wi-Fi card. Typically, your distribution’s driver manager will provide options for installation.
Screen resolution issues
If your display looks blurry or the resolution is off, Linux might not be correctly recognizing your monitor or graphics card.
Solution: Head to your system’s display settings and try different resolutions. If that doesn’t work, consider installing or updating the drivers for your graphics card.
Can’t hear anything? What a drag! But don’t get stressed, it’s often an easy fix.
Solution: First, ensure the sound isn’t muted and the volume is at an appropriate level. If that doesn’t do the trick, go to the sound manager and make sure the output is configured correctly. Lastly, if it’s still not working, you might need to install or update your sound drivers.
Can’t install a program
Linux has a plethora of software repositories, but sometimes, the program you want isn’t there.
Solution: Look for a .deb or .rpm package on the program’s official website. Once downloaded, open your distribution’s software center and follow the installation instructions. If the software doesn’t offer Linux packages, you could try tools like Wine to run Windows applications.
It’s rare, but it happens. If Linux freezes up on you, there are a couple of things you can try.
Solution: Attempt to switch to a virtual terminal by pressing Ctrl+Alt and an F key (from F1 to F7). From there, you can try restarting the graphical interface with
sudo service lightdm restart or the appropriate command for your display manager. If that doesn’t work, you might need to reboot your machine.
File permission issues
If you get a message saying you don’t have permission to access or modify a file, don’t despair.
Solution: Open a terminal and use the
chmod command to change the file’s permissions. If you’re unsure how to use it, look up a guide on
chown. But be careful and make sure you know what you’re doing.
System doesn’t recognize my USB
Sometimes, when you plug in a USB device, Linux doesn’t recognize it.
Solution: First, try plugging it into a different port. If that doesn’t work, open a terminal and type
lsusb to see if the system recognizes it. If it’s on the list, you might just need to manually mount it.
Errors when updating the system
On occasion, when trying to update, you can run into errors that prevent completion.
Solution: Open a terminal and run
sudo apt-get update followed by
sudo apt-get upgrade (or the corresponding commands for your package manager). If you encounter errors, try searching for them online; someone has likely already found a solution.
Can’t access an SSH server
If you’re having trouble accessing a server via SSH, you’re not alone.
Solution: Make sure the SSH service is active on the server and that there’s no firewall blocking port 22. You might also need to generate or renew your SSH keys on your client machine.
And there you have it! Some of the most common issues you might encounter while using Linux and how to address them. Remember, the Linux community is vast and always willing to help, so if you hit a snag, someone else has likely been through it and can lend a hand. Keep up the spirit and enjoy Linux!