Learn the Fundamentals of OOP

Hey guys! In this article we’re gonna talk about the basics of Object Oriented Programming (OOP). OOP is a programming paradigm that’s based on creating objects that interact with each other to perform actions. This way of programming has become one of the most used today due to its ease of use and the efficiency it provides.

What is an object?

In OOP, an object is an instance of a class. A class is a template that defines the properties and methods that an object will have. For example, if we want to create an object of a car, we’ll have to create a car class that defines the properties of the car like color, make, model, etc., and the methods that the car can perform like start, accelerate, brake, etc.

Properties and Methods

Properties are the characteristics of the object, and methods are the actions that the object can perform. For example, a car’s property could be its color, and a method could be accelerate. In OOP, methods and properties are called class members.


Encapsulation is one of the most important principles of OOP. It consists of hiding the implementation details of a class and showing only the public methods and properties. This is done to protect the data of the class and prevent unauthorized modifications.


Inheritance is another important principle of OOP. It allows creating new classes from existing classes by inheriting their properties and methods. This helps to avoid code repetition and simplify programming.


Polymorphism is a principle that allows objects to behave differently depending on the context in which they’re used. For example, a car object can accelerate differently depending on the model of the car.


OOP is an efficient and easy way of programming that’s based on creating objects that interact with each other to perform actions. To use OOP in your projects, it’s important to understand the basics of OOP like objects, properties and methods, encapsulation, inheritance, and polymorphism. We hope this article has helped you understand the basic concepts of OOP and how to apply them in your projects. See you next time!

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